Evolution, we need to talk.
Like unicorns of the sea, but they actually exist. Narwhals have nerves in their magnificent-looking tusk, probably to help them sense their environment better.
Mudskippers are fish that propel themselves across land using their fins. They live in mudflats and, despite being fish, spend most of their time out of the water.
Officially known as Panopea generosa, geoducks are large (and edible) saltwater clams that look a bit, um, pornographic. They grow up to a metre long and don’t have many predators apart from humans.
Nicknamed “Dumbo”, this octopus’ flappy ears allow it to float along above the bottom of the ocean looking for food.
Cape rain frog.
It’s a rock with arms, essentially. Which is probably why it looks so glum. The cape rain frog lives in South Africa where it’s equally at home in farmland and urban areas.
Just look at that neck. Male giraffe weevils have necks that are two to three times longer than females, and use them to fight off other males.
The cutest little lake-dweller is sadly almost extinct in the wild (scientists didn’t find any in their last search of the axolotl’s only remaining habitat, but are not quite ready to call it quits yet). Axolotls are salamanders that unusually never undergo metamorphosis and remain young their whole life.
Basket stars fan their arms out and use tiny microscopic hooks to capture food before curling their arms around it and pulling it towards their mouth. They tend to catch prey at night but wait until daytime to actually feed on it, which somehow makes it all the more terrifying.
Mantis shrimp have twelve colour receptors in their eyes (compared to our three), and they can punch with an acceleration of 80kph. So let’s not mention their flamboyant appearance to their face (or their googly eyes).
Christmas tree worm.
These worms look a bit like Christmas trees, but they live on tropical coral reefs around the world. Each worm is about one and a half inches long and has two fir tree-like protrusions, because one is clearly not enough.
1) It looks like a bat. 2) It is actually a fish. 3) Inexplicably, it has bright red lips. Officially known as Ogcocephalus parvus, this particular species lives along the western coast of the Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina down to Brazil.
If K-9 was a spike-covered caterpillar in a green tabard, he might look a bit like this. The Saddleback caterpillar’s spikes secrete an irritating venom, so maybe stay out of its way until it turns into a moth.
It’s a worm and it looks like a pig’s backside, what more could you ask for? They live 3000 feet below the ocean surface and are about the size of a marble. Bonus: part of its latin name, Chaetopterus pugaporcinus, appears to translate to “pig butt”. Well done those scientists.
Sea creatures with human-looking teeth are the most terrifying thing. And this one also has eight legs and two tentacles. Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the Promachoteuthis sulcus, a deep sea squid we only know about thanks to this one specimen. It was found by a German research vessel in the southern Atlantic ocean, around 6000ft down.