These people are far from the world of Hollywood superheroes, who disposes of crowds of enemies. True courage and bravery could stay unnoticed but not unvalued. Here are 7 heroic actions of self-sacrificing people, who saved the world.
More than 50 years seatbelt has been preventing deaths during road traffic accidents. It was created by Nils Bohlin-a Swedish engineer who worked for Volvo. It took him more than a year to create it and he patented it in 1962 and first tests were done three years earlier. Today a seatbelt is a necessary thing in every auto, whiсh conform to global standards. Recent research has shown that Bohlin`s invention saved over million lives.
A military man Stanislav Evgrafovich Petrov prevented nuclear explosion during Cold War. It happened on the 26th of Septemeber, 1983. This day a lieutenant-colonel Petrov was a duty officer on a secret object Serpukhov-1. He watched satellite system of USSR. At 12 o`clock at night a computer gave a signal that 5 ballistic rockets were launched from American base.
Vasiliy Aleksandrovich Arkhipov saved the world 2 times. He was on military service on a submarine during Cuban missile crisis. While he was cruising between Grenlandic and Norwegian sees on K-19 submarine, there was an accident. Vasiliy Arkhipov took an active part in its liquidation and received a huge radiation doze.
In October, 1962 he prevented the launch of a nuclear torpedo. There were atomic weapons on board the submarine, but without instructions. The only argument was special order from Moscow in case of wrecking of the submarine during an attack. A soviet boat B-59 was surrounded by eleven American destroyers and Randolf aircraft carriers, which uses depth bombs to force them to rise. Valentin Savickiy, a commander of the submarine, wanted to launch a torpedo in response, but Vasiliy Arkhipov stopped him and suggested to send a signal stopping provocation. When American leaders saw this message, war forces were recalled and situation became less tense.
Yudgin Lazovsky is also known as Polish Schindler. He was a doctor who saved thousands of Jewish people during the Holocoust. Thanks to vaccination h e imitated a dangerous infective episode in ghetto and prevented sending of the Jewish to concentration camp. Squeamish Germans were afraid to approach this place and put this place in quarantine. Near 8000 Jews were saved from gas cameras and crematorium.
A man with a golden arm is a nickname of James Harrison, donor of a blood plasm. He was seriously ill in childhood and was saved only because of the donor`s blood. Since that time he gave a vow that he would become a donor. His blood is really unique, there are antibodies which block the rhesus incompatibility during pregnancy. Once in 3 weeks this 78-year-old man donates 400ml. of blood. Therefore he saved 2 millions of mothers and their babies
American microbiologist Ralf Gilleman saved the world from dangerous illnesses. He devoted his life to the development of 36 vaccines. 8 of his vaccines we are still using. His flu vaccine saved 20 million people around the world.
Thanks to afro-american Henrietta Lacks scientists managed to clone healthy material for people. A young woman died of a cancer, but her name will be remembered forever. Her healthy cells became a base for eternity instruments. HeLa cells served for development of poliomyelitis vaccine and now they are used in medicine against AIDS, oncological diseases, radiation damages.
Translated for fishki.net