Tagliacozzi became famous for his unique surgical methods. Instead of cutting a piece of skin off of the forehead and attaching it to the nose (as was common at the time), Tagliacozzi did something counterintuitive. First, he cut a flap of skin from the upper arm, and molded it into the shape of a nose. Then Tagliacozzi would attach the newly-shaped skin nose to the patient's face like in the picture below. The patient would then need to keep their arm in place for two weeks while the new nose healed. After it was healed, Tagliacozzi would sever the "nose" from the arm, and reshape the new skin into a nose. The entire healing process could take up to five months.